The garage door is the largest moving part of the house. Oftentimes, this is also the heaviest. It plays an important role in the house, as it is one of the main entries. This is also opened and closed multiple times a day as members of the family drive in and out of the house regularly. Because of this, the garage door is prone to wear and tear.
As a homeowner, it is a must that you familiarize yourself with the different parts of the garage door and the opener. Knowing how every part works and what they do is necessary in order to have a greater understanding of the garage door. This will enable you to troubleshoot and fix issues whenever you encounter common garage door problems.
Here are three hardware parts of the garage door that you need to be familiar with:
- Garage door hinges. It can be difficult to decipher rusty and old hinges since these are often not easily visible. However, you should always check these parts since these are the ones responsible for holding together the entire door. Hinges are also easily rusted with age and frequent use. When replacing your garage door hinges, look for an embossed number. This represents the size of the hinge on your garage door. If you can no longer read the number, what you can do is put the hinge on a level ground and measure the distance from the ground to the center of the top hole. Every measurement has a corresponding hinge number. For example if the distance is 5/8” to 3/4”, your hinge number is 1. A distance of 7/8” to 1”, 1-1/8” to 1-1/4”, 1-3/8” to 1-1/2”, and 1-5/8” to 1-3/4” corresponds to 2, 3, 4, and 5 respectively. The number goes up until 12 depending on the distance.
A single garage door comes with multiple hinges. So, you may encounter problems with not just one hinge. You can purchase one replacement hinge if you only have a problem with one hinge. There is also a complete garage door hardware box that will help you no matter what your hardware problem is.
- Garage door rollers. These usually come in various shapes, materials, and sizes depending on the garage door type that you have. Finding replacement garage door rollers can be a little tricky especially when you have no idea what to look for in a roller. Your first consideration should be the actual dimension of the roller that you have in your garage door and its purpose. For example, nylon rollers are quieter during operation.
A standard roller comes in 2” diameter by 4” stem and works on a standard 2” garage door track. If you live in a tornado or hurricane prone area, you can opt for longer stemmed garage door rollers for added security. If you have a commercial garage door opener, go for a three-inch or 2-3/4” roller.
- Garage door springs. The springs are responsible for carrying the weight of the garage door. Sometimes when your garage door no longer opens, it might be caused by broken springs. This requires you to replace the springs with new ones. To find the right spring for your garage door, you have to locate the catalog number on your current garage door spring. If you can’t spot it, you need to determine the wind direction, measure the length of 10 coils, its diameter inside the spring, and the overall length of the spring to the nearest quarter inch.
These three hardware parts are the ones that get broken most easily. So, it is important to keep these in mind and make the right purchase in case you are faced with problems.